Diabetes can cause a variety of issues for your feet. In addition to seeing your foot doctor regularly and making sure that your blood levels are under control it is very important that you pay attention to even the smallest signs of a foot issue. This will allow you to stop something minimal like a blister from becoming an infection or worse something bigger.
Follow these tips to fend off serious foot problems.
- Daily inspections- Keep an eye out for swelling, redness, cuts, blisters or nail issues. Remember to examine the bottom of your feet too. You may want to use a magnifying hand mirror to help you see better. Call your doctor if you notice anything out of the ordinary or concerning
- Proper cleaning- Wash your feet daily in lukewarm water using a soft sponge or washcloth. Dry by patting your feet not rubbing and be sure to dry thoroughly between the toes.
- Moisturize- To prevent itching or cracking moisturize daily. However, refrain from using moisturizer between your toes as you do not want to encourage fungal infection.
- Trimmed Nails- Try to cut your toenails straight across, but not too short, this will help to prevent ingrown nails.
- Appropriate socks- Always wear clean, dry socks. You may want to try socks made specifically for diabetes patients since these have no elastic tops, go above the ankle, have extra cushioning and are made to wick away moisture. If you experience excessive sweating you may want to use an antiperspirant on the soles of your feet.
- Cover your feet- Never walk around barefoot, even at home.
- Warm and Dry- Wear warm socks in the winter and avoid getting your feet wet in the snow or rain. If your feet are cold at night wear socks to bed, but never use a heating pad or hot water bottle.